Demographics and Housing

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Population Characteristics

Housing Characteristics

This section will inventory the existing population and housing conditions which collectively comprise the demographic profile for the Town of Presque Isle. The community trends will be identified and analyzed to determine potential impacts and related future needs for the Town of Presque Isle.

The sources of information for the inventory included:

Population Characteristics

Population change is the primary component in tracking a community’s past growth as well as predicting future population trends. Population characteristics relate directly to the town’s housing, educational, community, recreational, and economic development. It should be noted however, that over time there are fluctuations in the local and regional economy which generally cannot be predicted. These fluctuations and changes may greatly influence the community’s population growth and characteristics.

Population Growth

Table 4-1 presents the past census figures for the Town of Presque Isle, town of Winchester, Vilas County, and the state of Wisconsin. Similarly, Figure 4-1 depicts the comparative population growth from 1970 to 1980 census, 1980 to 1990 census, and the 1990 census to the 1998 official population estimate. The official population estimate is calculated by the Department of Administration Demographic Services Center on an annual basis.

Table 4-1

Comparative Population Growth

Town of Presque Isle and Selected Areas

1970-1998

  1970 1980 1990 1998 % Change 1970-80 % Change 1980-90 % Change 1990-98 % Change 1970-98
Town of Presque Isle
294 390 471 532 32.7% 20.8% 13.0% 81.0%
Town of Winchester
240 371 354 390 54.6%  4.6% 10.2% 62.5%
Vilas County
10,958 16,535 17,707 19,435 50.9% 7.1% 9.8% 77.4%
State of Wisconsin
4,417,731 4,705,767 4,891,769 5,232,739 6.5% 4.0% 7.0% 18.4%

 

Source: Wisconsin Department of Administration, Official Municipal Population Projections 1990-2015, June 1993; Wisconsin Department of Administration, Official Population Estimates, 1998.

Comparative Population Growth

Both Table 4-1 and Figure 4-1 depict the changes in population the Town of Presque Isle has experienced from 1970 to 1998. A significant increase in population between 1970 and 1980 was followed by similar gains between 1980 and 1990. Since 1990, the town’s population has grown at a slightly higher rate than Winchester and Vilas County. It is important to note that the population trends in the Towns of Presque Isle and Winchester, as well Vilas County, are notably different then the state-wide trend. In almost all cases, the Vilas County area has grown at dramatically higher rates than the state.

Population by Age Cohort

The following figure offers a comparison of the population by age cohort (age groups) , including the age groups 0-15 years, 16-44 years, 44-64 years, and 65-74 years, and 75 or more years of age for the Town of Presque Isle, Vilas County, and the state of Wisconsin. A review of the population by age cohort (age groups), can indicate local population needs. For instance, a large school age population (age 15 years and under) could impact school and recreational facilities. A predominately elderly population (age 65 years and over) many require additional health care, housing, or different recreational opportunities.

Population by Age Cohort

Age-Gender Distribution

The following figure presents a more detailed breakdown of the population composition for the Town of Presque Isle in 1990 with the distribution of males and females by age-cohort. Figure 4-3 illustrates the balanced distribution of males and females by age groups.

Summary of Population Characteristics

The Town of Presque Isle has experienced a high population growth rate since 1970. This growth is mirrored in communities such as Winchester as well as Vilas County, however the state grew at significantly lower rates from 1970 to 1998.

The structure of the town’s population is balanced between males and females, although the percentage of older individuals is much greater than the state of Wisconsin. With over 61% of the town’s population over age 45, the town can anticipate the need for additional services and facilities to meet the needs of the elderly population throughout the planning period.

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Housing Characteristics

The housing characteristics of the Town of Presque Isle have considerable impact on the land use plan. The physical location of housing determines the demand and cost of many public services and facilities. In addition, housing characteristics are related to the social, aesthetic, and economic conditions of the community.

This section of the land use plan will provide the town with information about the current housing stock, and identify significant historical changes. Information is presented about the occupancy characteristics, housing values, the trends in seasonal/recreational housing, building permit activity, and the equalized valuation.

General Housing Characteristics

Table 4-2 provides general information about the housing supply for the Town of Presque Isle from 1980 to 1990. Year-round units include occupied units and vacant units which are for sale, for rent, or rented or sold but not yet occupied. Seasonal units include those housing units which are used for seasonal, recreational, occasional, or other uses.

Table 4-2

Housing Supply

Town of Presque Isle

1980-1990

Housing

1980

1990

% Change 1980-1990

Total Units

975

1123

15.2

Year Round Units

210

239

13.8

Occupied Units

170

212

24.7

Owner Occupied

147

188

27.9

Renter Occupied

23

24

4.3

Vacant Year Round Units

40

27

 32.5

Seasonal Units

765

884

15.6

Persons per Household

2.29

2.22

 3.1

 
Source: 1980 and 1990 U.S. Census of Population and Housing, STF3 and STF 1A

The town’s housing supply is of predominately seasonal housing units. From 1980 to 1990 seasonal housing units remained constant at 78% of the total housing supply. The dominance of seasonal housing units in the town left approximately 21% of the housing supply as year-round housing in 1990. In addition, the year round housing units are predominately owner occupied with renter occupancy in only 24 units in 1990. The town’s person per household has declined from 1980 to 1990 with only 2.22 persons in each household in 1990. This decreasing household size trend is comparable to the county and state-wide trends.

Seasonal and Recreational Housing Trend

The Town of Presque Isle offers both residents and visitors year-round recreational opportunities with the abundance of natural resources and the “north woods character”. The attractiveness of the town’s opportunities is demonstrated by the predominance of seasonal housing. Figure 4-4 compares the composition and trend in the number of seasonal and recreational housing units in the Town of Presque Isle, town of Winchester, and Vilas County.

Comparative Growth of Seasonal Housing Units

While Presque Isle contains slightly fewer year-round housing units than Winchester, Vilas County has between 10-15% more year-round units than both Presque Isle and Winchester. Presque Isle was the only town in Vilas County in which seasonal units increased between 1980 and 1990.

Comparative Housing Value

A comparison of housing stock values in the Town of Presque Isle and Vilas County for 1980 and 1990 is presented in Table 4-3. The housing values are based on specified owner-occupied units only.

Table 4-3

Comparative Housing Values

Town of Presque Isle and Vilas County

1980 - 1990

 

Town of Presque Isle

Vilas County

Specified Owner -Occupied Units

1980

%

1990

%

1980

%

1990

%

Less than $25,000

18

21.4%

9

7.5%

449

13.5%

168

4.2%

$25,000 - 49,999

30

35.7%

16

13.3%

1,460

43.8%

1,253

31.1%

$50,000 - 99,999

34

40.5%

63

52.5%

1,271

38.1%

2,040

50.7%

$100,000 - 149,999

2

2.4%

21

17.5%

119

3.6%

386

9.6%

$150,000 - 199,999

0

0.0%

10

8.3%

25

0.7%

121

3.0%

200,000 or More

0

0.0%

1

0.8%

12

0.4%

56

1.4%

Total

84

100.0%

120

100.0%

3,336

100.0%

4,024

100.0%

Median Value

N/A

 

76,700

 

N/A

 

58,900

 

Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, Census of Population and Housing 1980, 1990.

From 1980 to 1990, Presque Isle experienced a dramatic increase of over 62% in owner occupied housing valued over $50,000. The number of housing valued between $100,000 - $149,000 grew over 90%. Vilas County experienced similar growth of nearly 45% in owner occupied housing valued over $50,000.

Equalized Value

The equalized valuation of real property for municipalities is a vital component to the provision of public facilities and services. The increase in real property values for the Town of Presque Isle provides additional tax revenues necessary to fund public facilities and service programs for the community. Table 4-4 and Figure 4-5 present the growth in equalized valuation for the Town of Presque Isle from 1991 to 1998 according to the Wisconsin Department of Revenue Division of State and Local Finance.

Table 4-4

Equalized Valuation

Town of Presque Isle

1991-1998

 

 

% Change

Residential

 

Commercial

Forest

Other

Year

Total $

%

$

%

$

%

$

%

$

%

1991

89,179,900

83,666,100

93.8

4,108,200

4.6

1,368,700

1.5

36,900

0.0

1992

92,295,600

3.49%

86,510,800

93.7

4,519,100

4.9

1,228,800

1.3

36,900

0.0

1993

109,723,400

18.88%

103,714,400

94.5

4,735,100

4.3

1,239,300

1.1

34,600

0.0

1994

122,326,200

11.49%

115,621,800

94.5

5,056,700

4.13

1,607,000

1.3

40,700

0.0

1995

138,821,800

13.48%

132,040,200

95.1

5,255,400

3.79

1,475,900

1.1

50,300

0.0

1996

161,868,500

16.60%

154,170,000

95.2

5,638,900

3.48

1,984,100

1.2

75,500

0.0

1997

183,471,600

13.35%

174,488,700

95.1

6,534,800

3.56

2,367,000

1.3

81,100

0.0

1998

218,924,800

19.32%

209,735,100

95.8

6,057,500

2.77

3,028,800

1.4

103,400

1.4

*Other includes swamp, waste, forest and other land.

Source: Wisconsin Department of Revenue Statement of Merged Equalized Values 1991-1998.

The very character of the Town of Presque Isle is represented by the equalized values of the land use categories. Residential valuation dominates the town’s value with approximately 95% of the total value. Between 1991 and 1998, the dollar value of residential property in the town had more than doubled from approximately $89 million to approximately $219 million.

The representation of each land use category by valuation from 1991 to 1998 remained relatively unchanged in Presque Isle, with residential property comprising approximately 95% (as mentioned previously), commercial property around 4%, forest property around 1%, and other property each comprising less than 0.5%; agricultural property and manufacturing property do not exist in the town. However, the actual dollar value of forested property more than doubled during this time period from approximately $1.3 million to over $3 million. Commercial evaluation increased approximately $2 million, but decreased 1.8% as percentage of total town valuation.

Growth in Equalized Value

Summary of Housing Characteristics

The housing supply in the Town of Presque Isle grew by over 15% in total housing units from 1980 to 1990 with seasonal housing encompassing over 78% of total housing units. The dominance of seasonal housing in Presque Isle can be directly attributed to the “north woods character” and the variety and quality of natural resources and year-round recreational opportunities. As a whole, Vilas County has over 13% more year round units than Presque Isle.

The value of the housing stock in Presque Isle has grown from 1980 to 1990 with over 62% of the housing units valued at over $50,000 in 1990. Building permit activity from 1990 to 1998 fluctuated between 14 and 26 permits, allowing an average of 21 new residential permits annually (see Section 9.3). The total valuation of the town has experienced positive growth from 1991 to 1998 with residential land use encompassing approximately 95% of the town’s total value, followed by commercial land use with approximately 3% of town’s value. The continued growth of population and valuation will certainly have land use impacts, as discussed in Section 10, Growth Forecasts.

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